How do we determine what students believe or think about the presenting need, issue or concern?
Self-efficacy is the basis for whether or not the individual thinks goal or task accomplishment is possible. To measure self-efficacy we develop attitude statements related to what we are measuring as beliefs students might have related to the competencies we are covering.
Attitudes can be assessed using scaling techniques, likert scales. or card sorts. Scales are used to measure intensity and generally the end points and middle are labeled. Likert items written as "I believe,,," can be rated on a variety of scales but it is best to use an even number (like 4 or 10) forcing a positive or negative response rather than neutral.Picture choices like emotions or the sun scale with No and Yes can be used for first and second graders. Card sorts allow students to indicate if they believe something is not at all like me, very much like me, or sometimes or placing possible responses in order what happens most often to happens rarely.
Sample attitude questions:
How confident do you feel asking to join a game already in progress at recess?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Can't do it Sometimes Can do it
I believe I have as many friends as I need.
Strongly Agree Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree
1 2 3 4
Think how you feel on the playground when these types of situations happen and place the cards into 4 piles indicating how you think you would respond.